How Does CBD Work?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound that comes from the cannabis plant. It is one of over 100 known cannabinoids, and each one plays a specific role within the body’s endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoid system is a complicated biological process that wasn’t discovered until the 1990s. We still don’t know a lot about how it works, but we do know that it impacts numerous systems. Memory, mood, sleep, and appetite are all affected by its interactions.
Your body’s endocannabinoid system features three components:
- Receptors found throughout the body are substances that let CBD and other cannabinoids bind.
- Enzymes break down the cannabinoids into usable materials.
- Endocannabinoids work to keep the body in homeostasis to ensure internal functions continue running smoothly.
Everyone has two known receptors working with their endocannabinoid system. These are called CB1 and CB2.
The first receptors are primarily within the central nervous system. They have the job of governing movement coordination, memory, movement, and other physical functions.
Your CB2 receptors influence inflammation and pain within the peripheral nervous system.
Once the enzymes break down the CBD oil, the endocannabinoids work to bind with the receptors to create positive outcomes. With cannabidiol, researchers believe that instead of attaching to the receptor, it tries to influence the processes in beneficial ways – including activation.